The Phased Plan

This term refers to the political program adopted by the PLO in 1974 that aims for the destruction of the State of Israel though armed struggle in several phases.

Definition

The term “The Phased Plan" refers to the Political Program Adopted at the 12th Session of the Palestine National Council on the 8th of June 1974 in Cairo. The plan had 10 points, establishing a three-phased plan:1

  1. Through the "armed struggle" to establish an "independent combatant national authority" over any territory that is "liberated" from Israeli rule (Article 2);
  2. To continue the struggle against Israel, using the territory of the national authority as a base of operations (Article 4);
  3. To provoke an all-out war in which Israel's Arab neighbors destroy it entirely ("liberate all Palestinian territory") (Article 8).

Background

The Phased Plan was adopted following the Egyptian and Syrian military defeat in the 1973 Yom Kippur war, after which the Palestinian leadership realized that the State of Israel would not be defeated by force and thus adopted a new strategy.

There is a debate as to the extent to which the plan still represents the mindset of certain echelons of the Palestinian leadership and people. Some argue that the Oslo Process represented the first phase of the plan to establish an independent national authority en route towards liberating “all Palestinian Territory”. Others argue that the Oslo Process represented a genuine departure by the Palestinian leadership from the plan.

The concepts of Finality of Claims and End of Conflict were conceived by the Israeli side as means to confronting the perceived or real threat of the Phased Plan.



1 For the full text of the decision click here

More Sources

For further information about the “Phased Plan” see Bechor Guy, Lexicon of the PLO, Tel-Aviv: Ministry of Defense, 1991, pp. 318-320 (in Hebrew).