Public Sphere

The public sphere includes the interactions among the main actors that affect the society and economy of Israel.


The public sphere is the sum of interactions between the main actors that affect the society and economy of Israel.. This includes the government, the employers, the employees, and civil society.

Basic assumptions

The public sphere is a system1 - Participants in the the public sphere interact in ways that affect others. The system as a whole has different characteristics than those of the individual participants.

The public sphere actors create a system that can generate options - In spite of the deference among the perceptions and aims of the public sphere's actors it is conceivable to define their shared interests. Fulfilling those interests in light of a shared vision may lead to a socio-economic leapfrog.


A socio-economic leapfrog requires partnership between all of the key actors in the public sphere based upon a shared vision.

In those countries that have leapfrogged, the public sphere was characterized by: 2

  • Consolidation of a Central Brain - A government agency that forms relationships in the public sphere by setting a framework for inter-sector partnership that promotes the collective interest and coordination among actors;3

  • Perception of Tomorrow Before Today - A commitment to allocate resources for investment instead of consumption on the part of the government, private business, and households.

  • Creating a Stable Environment - A combination between policy that creates a stable environment and the ability to change course in response to unexpected developments.


1 For a full definition of a system see

Robert Jervis, System Effects: Complexity in Political and Social Life, (Princeton University press, 1997), p.6.

2 See Reut document: Triangle of Trust as a Condition for a Leap in Quality of Life

3 See Reut document: Central Socio-Economic Mind