Sequence of the Israeli-Palestinian Political Process

This concept defines and describes the significant milestones of the Israeli-Palestinian political process from 1978 to the present day.

Definition

The concept “Sequence of the Israeli-Palestinian Political Process” refers to the sequence of crucial milestones in the Israeli-Palestinian political process.

Background

The Sequence of the Israeli-Palestinian Political Process is affected by political circumstances and the interests of the parties. However, several agreement sequences can be noted. The main ones are:

  • In the 1978 Camp David Accords (9/78), Israel and Egypt set the format of the initial sequence of Israel-Palestinian Political Process (without direct negotiations between the State of Israel and the Palestinians). According to that sequence, in the first phase a Palestinian Self-Governing Authority would come into being for an Interim Period of about 5 years, whereas no later than the third year of the Interim Period, negotiations on the Permanent Status Agreement should have begun.1
  • In the Declaration of Principles 2 (9/93), the Sequence of Political Process set in 1978 Camp-David Accords was adopted and became the agreed framework for the peace process between Israel and the Palestinians, known as the Oslo Process.
    According to this sequence, the Gaza-Jericho Agreement (5/94) was signed, and Interim Period began; administration of those territories was handed over to the Palestinians (Summer 1994); the Interim Agreement (9/95) was signed in order to normalize the relations between Israel and the Palestinians; elections to the Palestinian Council were held; and negotiations on a Permanent Status Agreement began, which were supposed to be signed towards the end of the Interim Period, and result in the establishment of a Palestinian state.
    However, because of the Palestinian terror attack (2-3/96) and the elections in
    Israel, the Oslo Process was undermined.
  • The Sharem Al-Sheikh Memorandum reshaped the Sequence of the Political Process. According to the Memorandum, the parties should have concluded a Framework Agreement on Permanent Status (target date: 2/00), and a Comprehensive Agreement on Permanent Status (target date: 9/00) but that failed to take place.3 Instead, this effort culminated in the 2000 Camp David Summit (7/00), The Clinton Ideas (12/00) and the Taba Talks (1/01).
  • The Quartet Road Map (4/03), adopted by Israel and the Palestinians, set a different Permanent Status attainment sequence than that of the Oslo Process. According to the Road Map, in the first phase, Israel and the Palestinians would take trust-building steps, after which a Palestinian State with Provisional Borders would be established. In the third phase, a Permanent Status Agreement would be signed.4
  • According to the Disengagement Plan of the Israeli government and the Exchange of Letters concerning the Disengagement Plan, if Israel withdraws from the Gaza Strip and the northern West Bank, both parties should resume the path set in the Road Map.

Recommended Readings:



1 See preface to the Agreement.
2 See Article I – Aim of the Negotiations.
3 Framework Agreement on Permanent Status was known as FAPS, Comprehensive Agreement on Permanent Status was known as CAPS. See Sher Gilead, Just Beyond Reach, Tel Aviv: Miskal, 2001; p. 56. (in Hebrew).
4 Click here for Gidi Grinstein's article entitled “Follow the Roadmap to Palestine”.