Iran and the 'Indian Nuclear Model'

The 'Indian Nuclear Model' includes nuclear development against international norms, gradual nuclear recognition and a leading international status. Iran is striving to achieve a similar model.

Against the backdrop of the Iranian nuclear issue, India is turning into a central actor:

India has widespread economic ties with Iran, mainly in the field of energy. In 2005, both states signed an agreement on the construction of a gas pipeline from Iran to India, via Pakistan; on June 29th 2007 the three states agreed to hasten the infrastructure development around this project. These economic ties constitute a central pillar in Iran's efforts to establish its regional hegemony.

In addition, India is traditionally supporting the universal right for nuclear development and is not a signatory of the NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty) . India is also leading the NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) and serves as a successful nuclear model, to which Iran is aspiring.

The Indian nuclear model includes nuclear capability, which overtime has obtained increasing legitimacy from the international community, and particularly from the US. In July 2005, US and India even signed an agreement for nuclear cooperation. This model sets a precedent of a state that has successfully completed nuclear capabilities, against the will of the international community, obtained gradual nuclear recognition and leading international status.

The success of the Indian nuclear model partly derives from the rapprochement between the US and India, which occurred in the context of the war on terror (2003) and India's standing vis-à-vis China. Today this model calls for the restriction of the relations between Iran and India.

Sources:

Press TV, 7/9/07, full article.

Asia Tribune, 7/7/07, full article.

Times of India, 7/11/07, full article.