National Unity Government and the Possible Dissolution of the PA

Palestinian Minister of Communication Mustafa Baraghouti declared that the international community should decide whether it still wants the PA to exist.

In light of the continuing economic embargo on the PA government, the Palestinian Minister of Communication Mustafa Baraghouti asked the international community to decide whether it still wants the PA to exist. Moreover, the Minister stated that the collapse of the National Unity Government would signify the total disintegration of the Palestinian Authority.

This statement contributes to the Palestinian discourse on the issue of dissolving the PA, which has intensified since Hamas' rise to power (1/06). The collapse of the PA could have strategic ramifications for relations between Israel and the Palestinians:

  • Dissolution of the PA is liable to renew Israeli responsibility for Palestinian residents of Gaza and the West Bank.

  • Dissolution of the PA will complicate sustainable separation between Israel and the Palestinians, via either agreements or unilateral steps (see: No Convergence without a Palestinian Address).

  • Dissolution of the PA may be perceived by Palestinian society as proof for the failure of the "political option", i.e. negotiations as means for advancing Palestinian national interests. Thus, it may strengthen supporters of the armed struggle.

  • Dissolution of the PA may undermine the current consensus regarding the principle of two states for two peoples, and thus strengthen groups calling for the establishment of bi-national state in the whole territory of Israel and the PA.

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