The quality of life index developed by the Economist Intelligence Unit ranks Israel 38th. The index compares quality of life across countries and can predict future changes in quality of life.
The Economist Quality of Life Index compares Quality of Life in various countries.1
The goal of the "Top 15 Vision" is to see Israel achieve a significant socioeconomic advancement that would put Israel among the 15 leading countries in terms of Quality of Life within fifteen years.2
Quality of Life is a subjective term determined by various components. Numerous indices attempt to measure the Quality of Life of individuals in different countries. The most prominent indices among them are the Economist's Quality of Life Index, the UN Human Development Index, and the Quality of Life chapter in the OECD Factbook. These indices utilize a range of methodologies and examine diverse components of Quality of Life.
In order to pursue the Top 15 Vision, the Government of Israel should first define the key components relevant to Quality of Life in Israel.3 Thus the Reut Institute identified four main areas that affect Quality of Life in Israel directly and enable a basis for comparison to other countries:
- Economic well-being reflects the individual's ability to secure financial stability for himself and for his family.
- Social well-being reflects the desire and ability of an individual to identify with his community and to play an active role in it.
- Personal and physical well-being reflects the extent to which an individual's life or health is exposed to danger.
- The Jewish Added Value refers to the amount of satisfaction an Israeli Jew draws from being part of the fulfillment of the Zionist vision.
The Economist Quality of Life Index evaluates three of the four areas above and provides an overarching view of Quality of Life that enables international comparison.4
Israel in Comparison to the Top 15
According to 2005 Index, Israel is ranked 38th out of 111 countries. The three leading countries in descending order are: Ireland, Switzerland, and Norway.
The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is the research arm of The Economist Group, the publisher of The Economist magazine. The EIU provides analysis and forecasts on more than 200 countries and eight key industries.5
Structure and Limitations
The EIU Quality of Life Index identified the following nine factors that best predict Quality of Life:
- Material Wellbeing - Measured by GDP per capita.
- Health - Measured by life expectancy at birth.
- Political Stability and Security - Measured by political and security ratings developed by the EIU.
- Family Life - Measured by the divorce rate.
- Community Life - Measured through church attendance or union membership.
- Climate and Geography - Measured by latitude to distinguish between warm and cold climates.
- Job Security - Measured by the unemployment rate.
- Political Freedom - Measured by the Freedom of the World Index.6
- Gender Equality - Measured by the ratio between female to male average earnings.
The EIU ranks countries according to their overall Quality of Life and provides a final score for each country. Data on previous years is not available due to the index's recent publication.7
Despite the overarching view of the index to many areas of Quality of Life, each area is analyzed from a one-dimensional perspective. Therefore policy makers have a limited ability to design policy based on the results of this index.
The underlying data in the Quality of Life Index is collected from a variety of sources, for example: UN Institutes and Agencies, Freedom House, and life-satisfaction surveys.8
The Economist Quality of Life Index identifies the relevant factors of Quality of Life, provides a basis for predicting future Quality of Life based on expected shifts in the variables, and enables international comparison.
1 The Economist Intelligence Unit, Quality of Life Index, 2005.
2 See: Reut Institute paper: Top 15 Vision.
3 See: Reut Institute paper: Quality of Life.
4 In order for international indices to affect the design and implementation of policy they must help identify groups, geographical areas, institutions, or sectors of the economy that need to be addressed. Indices should also help evaluate the success of past policy. Finally, indices have a role in affecting the national discourse and guiding public opinion. See: Reut Institute Policy Positions: Competitiveness Indices - Tools for Policy Design and Seven Indices for Measuring Quality of Life.
5 For more information see: The Economist Intelligence Unit website.
6 See Reut document: Freedom of the World Index.
7 The Economist Quality of Life Index was introduced in 2005.
8 For the full list of sources see The Economist Quality of Life Index, p. 2.