Palestinian Self Governing Authority

This term refers to an entity which represents the Palestinians in the West bank and in the Gaza strip until the establishment of Palestinian state. It was first mentioned in the 1978 Camp David accords.

Definition

The term Palestinian Self-Governing Authority refers to the entity which represents the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip during an interim period, as a temporal arrangement until the permanent status.

The Palestinian Self Governing Authority will provide full autonomy to the Palestinians, when the Israeli military regime and its Civil Administration withdraw.

Background

The term was first mentioned in the 1978 Camp David Accord, concluded between Israel and Egypt, as an outline for a future Israeli-Palestinian political process. It was further adopted by the Declaration of Principles (9/93), which outlined the structure of the Israeli-Palestine political process, known as the Oslo Process.

According to the Declaration of Principles, the jurisdictions of the Palestinian Representative Council would include the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, which would be considered as a Single Territorial Unit. The declaration also called for the establishment of a Palestinian police force to maintain public order and security.

Accordingly, Israel and the Palestinians signed the Gaza-Jericho Agreement (5/94) starting the interim period (5/94-99), during which the authority over these territories was passed to the Palestinians (Summer 94) and the Palestinian Self-Governing Authority was established.