1st Phase of the Roadmap

This term refers to the set of Israeli and Palestinian obligations during the initial phase of the Roadmap.

Definition

The term "First Phase of the Roadmap" refers to the set of Israeli and Palestinian obligations, outlined and framed by the Quartet as the initial phase of the Roadmap (4/03) – the framework for the Israeli-Palestinian political process. The essence of this phase includes Palestinian efforts to confront all those engaged in terror and dismantling terrorist capabilities and infrastructure in conjunction with comprehensive political reform in preparation for statehood. Israel is required to freeze all settlement activity.

Background

The “Roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict” is a framework for the Israeli-Palestinian political process presented by the Quartet. The Roadmap is based on the Bush Vision to the Middle East (6/02), which comprised an outline to resume the Israeli-Palestinian political process.

The Roadmap cites the UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 and the UN Security Council Resolution 1397 as forming the basis for the political process.

Prime Minister Sharon and PM Abu Mazen accepted the Roadmap in the presence of President Bush at the Aqaba Summit (June 4, 2003).1

However, the Israeli government presented a list of fourteen reservations. Israel stipulated that “the first condition for progress will be the complete cessation of terror, violence and incitement,” and that all subsequent progress would be conditioned on maintaining this calm.2 These reservations were not acknowledged and have no official standing.

The First Phase of the Roadmap is to be followed by the establishment of a Palestinian State with Provisional Borders (in the Second Phase of the Roadmap) leading to the completion of a Permanent Status Agreement in the Third Phase of the Roadmap.

Hence, the Roadmap reverses the Sequence of the Israeli-Palestinian Political Process as embodied in the Oslo Process, which was based on establishing a Palestinian State after a Permanent Status Agreement.

First Phase of the Roadmap

The First Phase of the Roadmap is characterized by3:

  • The Palestinian leadership unequivocally calls for an immediate end to all acts of violence, and reiterates its recognition of Israel's right to exist in peace and security.
  • The Israeli leadership issues unequivocal statement affirming its commitment to the two-state vision of an independent, viable, sovereign Palestinian state as expressed by US President Bush.

Security

  • The Palestinians undertake visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt, and restrain individuals and groups conducting and planning violent attacks on Israelis.
  • The Government of Israel (GOI) does not carry out actions which undermine trust, including deportations, attacks on civilians; confiscation and/or demolition of Palestinian homes and property; destruction of Palestinian institutions and infrastructure; and other measures specified in the Tenet work plan4.
  • All Palestinian security organizations are consolidated into three services reporting to an empowered Interior Minister.
  • As comprehensive security performance moves forward, IDF withdraws progressively from areas occupied since the outbreak of the Al-Aksa Intifada (September 28, 2000).

Palestinian Institution Building

  • Immediate action to produce draft constitution for Palestinian statehood (see the Palestinian Constitution – Draft No. 3).
  • Appointment of interim prime minister or cabinet with empowered executive authority.
  • Palestinian performance on judicial, administrative, and economic benchmarks, as established by the International Task Force on Palestinian Reform.
  • Following the above measures, Palestinians hold free, fair and open elections.

Humanitarian Response

  • Israel takes measures to improve the humanitarian situation. Israel and the Palestinians implement in full all recommendations of the Bertini report5, such as lifting curfews and easing restrictions on movement of persons and goods.

Settlements

  • GOI immediately dismantles settlement outposts erected since March 2001.
  • Consistent with the Mitchell Report6, GOI freezes all settlement activity (including natural growth of settlements).



1 Click here For a timeline of the creation and acceptance of the Roadmap.
2 Click here for “Israel’s Response to the Roadmap.”

“In the first phase of the plan and as a condition for progress to the second phase, the Palestinians will complete the dismantling of terrorist organizations (Hamas, Islamic Jihad, the Popular Front, the Democratic Front Al-Aqsa Brigades and other apparatuses) and their infrastructure, collection of all illegal weapons and their transfer to a third party for the sake of being removed from the area and destroyed, cessation of weapons smuggling and weapons production inside the Palestinian Authority, activation of the full prevention apparatus and cessation of incitement. There will be no progress to the second phase without the fulfillment of all above-mentioned conditions relating to the war against terror.

3 Click here for full text.
4 Click here for full text.

5 Click here for full text.

6 Click here for full text.